This year’s theme is “Eliminating Hepatitis” as a major public health threat by 2030.

11 countries which carry almost 50% of the burden of chronic hepatitis include: Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Uganda and Viet nam. Source: WHO                                                                              WHAT IS HEPATITIS:

Viral hepatitis is a group of infectious diseases known as hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis A and E are transmitted through faeco oral route and cause short term liver disease while hepatitis B, C, & D are transmitted through infected body fluids causing chronic liver disease.

  • 325 million people were living with chronic hepatitis infection worldwide in 2015.
  • 1.34 million people died of hepatitis in 2015.
  • 95% of people with hepatitis C can be completely cured within 2-3 months. Source: WHO

 SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE HEPATITIS:

  • Yellowness of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Dark urine
  • Nausea, vomiting and stomach pain
  • Excessive tiredness

PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS:

  • Hand Washing and adequate washing of vegetables and fruits before eating help in prevention of hepatitis A and E.
  • Avoiding sharing of sharp objects helps in prevention of hepatitis B, C and D.
  • Screening of blood before transfusion helps in prevention of hepatitis B, C and D.
  • Abstinence from unprotected sex and use of condoms help in prevention of hepatitis B, C and D.

Making smart injection choices:

  • injections should only be used when there is life-threatening illness
  • when vomiting profusely and
  • when there is no effective oral medication

Unsafe injection practices include: 

  • unsafe sharp collection & waste management
  • re use of syringes
  • lack of clean work place and
  • needle stick injury to healthcare workers

Together we can eliminate #Hepatitis by 2030. #ShowYourFace for #WorldHepatitisDay. www.worldhepatitisday.org

 

 

 

 

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