Malala Day, will be observed this year on 12 July 2017, is a day to stand up for the right to education, especially female education. It is not just about Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani teen activist, who was born on 12 July 1997 (19 years), became a target of Taliban in October 2012 and defied death after a serious gunshot injury, a Nobel Peace Prize winner and the UN’s youngest ambassador for peace. Education partnerships by the E-9 countries- Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria and Pakistan are re-assessing how best they can pool their knowledge and efforts to achieve the ambitious global goal in education (SDG4). Over two-third of the world’s illiterate adults and over half of the world’s out-of-school children reside in these countries. As a group, they represent 53% of the global population and constitute the nine most highly-populated countries of the Global South. Source: UNESCO IIEP Learning Portal. Globally, 32 million primary school-aged girls are still out of school. 98 million more girls are missing out on secondary education. Source: UNESCO Institute of Statistics.
In total more than 130 million girls are out of school today. Source: OHCHR In Nigeria, total population of females aged 10 is higher than males. Adjusted primary school enrollment, net percent of primary school-age children, 1995-2015: male- 78%, Female- 70%.
Gender parity index, primary education 1999-2015: 0.84. Source: UNFPA.
Health benefits of female education include:
- Increased maternal and newborn health.
- Moderation of total fertility rate per woman through access to family planning methods.
- Increased life expectancy.
- Increased sexual and reproductive health.
- Prevention of violent extremism