This year’s theme is “Eliminating Hepatitis” as a major public health threat by 2030.
11 countries which carry almost 50% of the burden of chronic hepatitis include: Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Uganda and Viet nam. Source: WHO WHAT IS HEPATITIS:
Viral hepatitis is a group of infectious diseases known as hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis A and E are transmitted through faeco oral route and cause short term liver disease while hepatitis B, C, & D are transmitted through infected body fluids causing chronic liver disease.
- 325 million people were living with chronic hepatitis infection worldwide in 2015.
- 1.34 million people died of hepatitis in 2015.
- 95% of people with hepatitis C can be completely cured within 2-3 months. Source: WHO
SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE HEPATITIS:
- Yellowness of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- Dark urine
- Nausea, vomiting and stomach pain
- Excessive tiredness
PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS:
- Hand Washing and adequate washing of vegetables and fruits before eating help in prevention of hepatitis A and E.
- Avoiding sharing of sharp objects helps in prevention of hepatitis B, C and D.
- Screening of blood before transfusion helps in prevention of hepatitis B, C and D.
- Abstinence from unprotected sex and use of condoms help in prevention of hepatitis B, C and D.
Making smart injection choices:
- injections should only be used when there is life-threatening illness
- when vomiting profusely and
- when there is no effective oral medication
Unsafe injection practices include:
- unsafe sharp collection & waste management
- re use of syringes
- lack of clean work place and
- needle stick injury to healthcare workers
Together we can eliminate #Hepatitis by 2030. #ShowYourFace for #WorldHepatitisDay. www.worldhepatitisday.org